Solving the Stuart Conquest of Virginia
In 1603, only a handful of years prior to the Jamestown Settlement, a top-down revolution shook what had been known until then as the Kingdom of England.
The old Tudor Dynasty ended with Queen Elizabeth. She established England as a prosperous, if not peaceful, power. Under her reign, England knew external threats, but also developed internal tranquility and fierce loyalty to monarch and country until her death marked the end of her family’s line.
Afterwards it fell into the hands of the Stuart kings of Scotland, to the English still a semi-foreign dynasty with an almost alien culture.
According to historian G. M. Trevelyan, “they keynote of Tudor government had been King-worship, not despotism.” Elizabeth needed no standing army and little internal security because the people enjoyed relatively more freedom than any other country at the time.
Trevelyan explained that the Tudor dynasty rarely imposed its will on the people because “they could not coerce a population of five million, many of whom had sword, bow, or bill hanging from the cottage rafters.” Since the reign of Henry II in the 1100s, free Englishmen had not only the right, but also the obligation to own