In 'Ravenous,' sugar, cancer and Hitler all converge

What if, with the exception of smoking, the rise of cancer in modern society can be traced to something less complicated than DNA, radiation or chemicals in the air, food and water?

What if tumor cells are common but their growth is determined by how we feed them?

These are a few of the questions that form the metabolism of cancer, or the study of how cancer eats. A scientific endeavor that once captivated the world in the 1930s, it is only now gaining renewed attention after having been buried beneath history.

The study of how to starve cancer had the unique misfortune, it seems, of being championed by none other than the architects of the Third Reich. Hitler, it turns out, was terrified of cancer.

So terrified, in fact, that he protected the lavish funding, posh estate, riding horses, luxury cars and research appointment of an openly-gay, Nazi-defiant and flamboyant German Jew and Nobel laureate named Otto Warburg.

A polarizing genius who became famous for the discovery that cancer creates energy by fermentation rather than available oxygen, Warburg laid the groundwork for ideas that have since come to

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